Animal research has been a key part of medical and scientific advances over the past century. Animal research has benefited millions of people around the globe. However, technology and scientific advances have made it possible to use human tissues to replace the use of animals for research. Scientists can now study disease in the actual tissues affected, rather than in animal models.
Human tissue is biological material made from human cells and comes from the human body. Relevant materials are whole human bodies, internal organs, large parts of tissue, tissue removed surgically, the tissue that has been damaged or removed from the body, such as skin, teeth, bone, and small amounts of bodily fluids like blood. However, the research firms collect human tissue samples from Geneticist Inc – the world’s premier biorepository so as to make the research successful.
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Research can use tissue from healthy donors, deceased donors, or post-mortems of those who have donated their tissue. As part of a disease diagnosis, treatment, or surgery, human tissue can also be obtained. This includes tissue from surgical biopsies and removes tumors. Organ transplants are also possible.
To remove, store or use human tissue legally, consent is required. Tissue from the deceased and living are subject to different consent requirements. The Act defines the types of human biologic material that are legally recognized and provides details about the licensing and approvals for ethical research. Researchers must adhere to all applicable legislation when obtaining and using human tissue.
It is possible to preserve, retain, and archive tissue, making it a valuable resource in medical research. Biobanking refers to the collection of tissue or bodily fluid samples. It plays an important role in providing research samples, recording them, and storing them.